SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.112 issue6Physical exercise, detraining and lipid profile in obese children: a systematic reviewFull-text publication of abstracts presented at meetings of a Latin American scientific society author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075


BEJARANO, Ignacio Felipe et al. Composite index of anthropometric failure and geographic altitude in children from Jujuy (1 to 5 years old). Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2014, vol.112, n.6, pp.526-531. ISSN 0325-0075.

Introduction. The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) is made up of typical anthropometric indicators and their combination into seven categories, and proposes an additional measure to study malnutrition as an alternative to the evaluation of stunting, wasting and underweight as separate measures. Objective. To assess the CIAF in the child population settled at different altitudinal zones in Jujuy. Population and Methods. Weight and height were obtained from healthy 1 to 5 year-old control children, measured at primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) in Jujuy between 2005 and 2007. Nutritional status indicators such as underweight, stunting and wasting were determined as per the World Health Organization 2007 child growth standards. The CIAF and its seven categories were estimated by grouping data by gender, age and altitudinal zone (highlands: >2500 MASL; lowlands: <2500 MASL). The CIAF percentage differences for height, gender and age were verified using a chi-square test. Results. A total of 8059 children were included. The CIAF for highland children (6.1%) doubled that for lowland children (3.4%) (p < 0.05), and underweight prevalence (group Y) was significantly higher in the highlands (p < 0.05). The CIAF value and stunting (group F) increased with age, but such increase was more significant in the highlands. Conclusions. A significantly higher CIAF was observed in highland children, at the expense of stunting. However, the index of anthropometric failure was not more than 10% at both the highlands and the lowlands, and this accounts for a scarcely significant malnutrition health status in the studied child population of Jujuy.

Keywords : Geographic altitude; Index of anthropometric failure; Child population; Jujuy; Growth.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · English ( pdf ) | Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License