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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075


DELGADO, Marina L  and  GONZALEZ, Norma E. Comparison of the predictive ability of two scoring systems for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.113, n.6, pp.491-497. ISSN 0325-0075.

Diagnosing childhood tuberculosis requires a strong diagnostic suspicion due to its paucibacillary manifestation. Different scoring systems and algorithms have been developed to deal with such challenge skillfully. These include the Keith Edwards diagnostic score and Stegen's criteria modified by Toledo (Stegen-Toledo). Objectives. To compare the predictive ability of the Keith Edwards diagnostic score to that of the Stegen-Toledo scoring system. To estimate the predictive diagnostic ability of chest X-rays individually. Population, Material and Methods. Patients seen at the Department of Pediatric Pulmonology of the City of Buenos Aires between 2009 and 2012. A2 test was used to analyze the predictive diagnostic ability, and performance was compared using the extended McNemar test. Results. Keith Edwards: 19.62% sensitivity, 97.62% specificity (p < 0.0001). Stegen-Toledo: 43.54% sensitivity, 97.82% specificity (p < 0.0001). Sensitivity was significantly different between both scoring systems (p < 0.05), but no differences were observed in terms of specificity. Chest X-ray: 91.15% sensitivity, 87.72% specificity (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. The Keith Edwards scoring system showed a lower diagnostic sensitivity than the Stegen-Toledo score in this group of patients, with no differences observed in terms of specificity. The chest X-ray showed a 91.15% sensitivity to diagnose tuberculosis in this group of patients.

Keywords : Tuberculosis.

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