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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


OZDEMIR, Abdurrahman A; ORAL, Tugce K  and  VAROL, Aydin. Fungal endocarditis in an extremely low birth weight infant: Case report. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2016, vol.114, n.2, pp.2-3. ISSN 0325-0075.

Survival rates of premature infants have increased with developing technology and evolving knowledge but late-onset sepsis is more frequent due to prolonged hospitalization periods of these infants. We report the case of an extremely low birth weight premature infant who was admitted with respiratory distress syndrome, developed necrotizing enterocolitis and fungal sepsis with endocarditis by Candida albicans. He was treated with antifungal therapy until fungal vegetation resolved. Fungal sepsis and endocarditis may be an important morbidity in preterm infants; we review the recent literature about the risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of fungal sepsis in these high risk infants.

Keywords : Premature infant; Candidiasis; Endocarditis.

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