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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


TURAL KARA, Tugce et al. Campylobacter jejuni: A rare agent in a child with peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2016, vol.114, n.5, pp.e354-e356. ISSN 0325-0075.

Peritonitis is a serious problem in children receiving peritoneal dialysis. Campylobacter jejuni is an unusual cause of peritonitis. A 10-year-old boy who had end stage renal failure due to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain and fever. Peritoneal dialysis fluid was cloudy and microscopic examination showed abundant leukocytes. Intraperitoneal cefepime treatment was started. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from peritoneal dialysis fluid culture and oral clarithromycin was added to the treatment. At the end of therapy, peritoneal fluid culture was negative. To our knowledge, C. jejuni peritonitis was not reported in children previously. Conclusion : Although C. jejuni peritonitis is rarely encountered in children, it should be considered as an etiologic factor for peritonitis.

Keywords : Campylobacter jejuni; Peritoneal dialysis; Continuous ambulatory; Peritonitis.

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