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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


ENRIQUEZ, Diego et al. Training of resident physicians in the recognition and treatment of an anaphylaxis case in pediatrics with simulation models. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.115, n.4, pp.399-403. ISSN 0325-0075.

Objective: To evaluate the performance of resident physicians in diagnosing and treating a case of anaphylaxis, six months after participating in simulation training exercises. Methods: Initially, a group of pediatric residents were trained using simulation techniques in the management of critical pediatric cases. Based on their performance in this exercise, participants were assigned to one of 3 groups. At six months post-training, 4 residents were randomly chosen from each group to be re-tested, using the same performance measure as previously used. Results: During the initial training session, 56 of 72 participants (78%) correctly identified and treated the case. Six months after the initial training, all 12 (100%) resident physicians who were re-tested successfully diagnosed and treated the simulated anaphylaxis case. Conclusions: The training through simulation techniques allowed correction or optimization of the treatment of simulated anaphylaxis cases in resident physicians evaluated after 6 months of the initial training.

Keywords : Anaphylaxis; Simulation; Medical residence.

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