SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.116 issue2Screen use among young children in a city of ArgentinaOsteoarticular infections in a tertiary care children's hospital: Epidemiology and clinical characteristics in association with bacteremia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


TAFFAREL, Pedro; BONETTO, German; JORRO BARON, Facundo  and  MEREGALLI, Claudia. Sedation and analgesia in patients on mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units in Argentina. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.116, n.2, pp.e196-e203. ISSN 0325-0075.

Introduction. Children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are exposed to experiencing pain, stress and anxiety due to their disease, treatment or care setting. Adequate sedation and analgesia are key to their care, particularly in patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). Objective. To determine the usual practice in sedation and analgesia management in patients requiring MV in PICUs in Argentina. Material and methods. Descriptive, crosssectional, multi-center study conducted by means of e-mailed surveys. Results. A total of 45 PICUs were surveyed, 18% (N= 8) of which follow a sedation and analgesia protocol strictly, while 58% (N= 26) follow an "implied" protocol based on routine practice. The most commonly used drugs were midazolam, for sedation, and fentanyl, for analgesia. In 31% (N= 14) of the PICUs, sedation was monitored through assessment scales (modified Ramsay and/or Comfort scales). In 4% (N= 2) of units, daily, scheduled interruptions of sedation was implemented. In patients who are difficult to sedate, dexmedetomidine was the most commonly used adjuvant. In 73% (N= 33) of the units, neuromuscular blocking agents were used in compliance with precise guidelines and under clinical monitoring. In 20% (N= 9) of the PICUs there was a sedation and analgesia weaning protocol in place, and morphine and lorazepam are the most commonly used drugs. Conclusion. Only a low percentage of surveyed PICUs had a protocol in place for the routine management of sedation and analgesia in patients on MV.

Keywords : Sedation; Analgesia; Mechanical ventilation.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English | Spanish


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License