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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


CAN, Emrah et al. MEFV gene mutations and clinical course in pediatric patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.116, n.3, pp.e385-e391. ISSN 0325-0075.

Objective. To determine the frequency of the MEFV gene mutations in pediatric patients diagnosed with HSP and to assess the effect of the MEFV gene mutations on their prognosis. Material and Methods. Ccross-sectional study; pediatric patients between 2-11 years diagnosed with HSP were included. These cases were investigated for 6 MEFV gene mutations (M694V, M680I, A744S, R202Q, K695R, E148Q). Results. Eighty cases were included in the study of which 55% were male (n= 44). The mean age was 6.44 ± 2.52 years. Disease recurrence occurred in 9 patients, invagination in 5 patients and convulsion in 1 patient during follow-up. Approximately half of the patients received steroids. The MEFV gene mutations was not detected in 44 (55%) of the patients. There was a heterozygous mutation in 19 (22%). E148Q was found in 8 patients, M694V in 5 patients, A744S in 4 patients, and the R202Q heterozygous mutation in 2 patients. The M608I homozygous mutation was detected in 1 patient and the M694V homozygous mutation in 1 patient. The compound heterozygous MEFV gene mutations was found in 15 patients. The presence of the MEFV gene mutations was not correlated with the frequency of renal and gastrointestinal involvement and prognosis, the development of complications and the use of steroids. Conclusion. The presence of the MEFV gene mutations does not correlate with the clinical course and complication in Turkish pediatric patients with HSP.

Keywords : Henoch-Schonlein purpura; Familial Mediterranean fever; MEFV gene.

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