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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


PEREIRA-OSPINA, Rocío del P; BEJARANO-QUINTERO, Ana M; SUESCUN-VARGAS, José M  and  PINZON-SALAMANCA, Javier Y. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms due to carbamazepine: Pediatric case. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.116, n.3, pp.e433-e36. ISSN 0325-0075.

Severe skin reactions include Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis and Drug reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, which are uncommon in the pediatric population (incidence 1/1000-10 000 children), but they have bad prognosis. Drug-sensitive Syndrome with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms consists in rash, hematological abnormalities, lymphadenopathy and organ involvement. We report the case of a 12-year-old male patient who developed this pathology after initiating anticonvulsant therapy with carbamazepine. We consider that it is important to be aware of this disease and to include it among the differential diagnoses in patients with similar conditions because this syndrome is life-threatening.

Keywords : DRESS syndrome; Drug hypersensitivity syndrome: Pediatrics; Carbamazepine.

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