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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


MORATA ALBA, Júlia; BELTRAN CATALA, Paloma  and  ORTA SIBU, Nelson. Tuberculosis by multiresistant Mycobacterium africanum: Pediatric clinical case. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.116, n.3, pp.e463-e467. ISSN 0325-0075.

Tuberculosis, considered since 2003 by the World Health Organization a global health emergency, causes annual mortality of approximately 2 million people, mainly in developing countries. In the Spanish pediatric population, the incidence is 5 cases/100 000 children between 5 and 14 years and 13 cases/100 000 children between 0 and 4 years. The infection is transmitted through the respiratory tract by baciliferous patients. Children eliminate few bacilli in respiratory secretions and do not usually transmit the infection. In Spain, the resistance to isoniazid in the general population is 5%, being higher in the immigrant population, which is important to take into account for the treatment of cases. A case of tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium africanum multiresistant to treatment is presented, with satisfactory evolution after multiple therapy.

Keywords : tuberculosis, Mycobacterium africanum.

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