SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.117 issue5Can preoperative findings help to interpret neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of ovary and affect surgical decisions in children and adolescents? author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


MONTEVERDE, Ezequiel et al. High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection: An experience in hospitals of the City of Buenos Aires. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2019, vol.117, n.5, pp.286-293. ISSN 0325-0075.

Introduction. During the winter, infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) overburden health resources. In the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, 35 000 children are seen at the hospitals every year; 8-10 % of them are admitted to the general hospitalization ward and 5-12 % of these, to the intensive care unit (ICU). In 2017, the Department of Maternal and Child Health of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires included high flow nasal cannula (HNFC) oxygen therapy in the ALRTI protocol in the general ward of 3 hospitals. The objective of this study was to describe its outcomes and explore the potential factors related to therapeutic failure. Methods. Prospective, descriptive study with infants < 18 months old hospitalized due to ALRTI in 3 hospitals (Durand, Elizalde, Gutiérrez) between June and September 2017. All children unable to comply with low-flow therapeutic targets received HNFC oxygen therapy; admission to the ICU was considered a failure. Results. Out of 522 patients hospitalized due to ALRTI, 39.7% required HNFC oxygen therapy. No significant baseline differences were observed between patients receiving HNFC and conventional oxygen therapy. Failure was observed in only 8.7% of patients with HNFC oxygen therapy. The decrease in respiratory rate was significantly greater and longer in patients with support success versus those with failure (p < 0.01). No complications were recorded. Conclusion. The implementation of HNFC oxygen therapy under a protocol in the general wards was a safe measure. Patients with therapeutic failure showed a smaller reduction in respiratory rate during treatment.

Keywords : Bronchiolitis; Respiratory tract infections; Oxygen therapy; Respiratory insufficiency.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English | Spanish     · English ( pdf ) | Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License