Cuadernos de historia de España
versión On-line ISSN 1850-2717
GARCIA CANO, María Isabel. Los intereses locales de una monarquía universal: La venta de jurisdicciones en Córdoba en la época de Felipe II. Cuad. hist. Esp. [online]. 2003, vol.78, pp. 137-165. ISSN 1850-2717.
Through the public property treasury of Córdoba in the second half of the sixteenth century, we have verified the decisive influence exercised by the central power on the local power and the importance of the latter in the expansion of the Spanish monarchy. With the habitual tax collection by the royal treasury being insufficient to attend to Philip II's intense foreign policy, the latter turned to the cities for them to collaborate in the financing of war expenditure. He resorted to the Kingdom - separated in town councils or meeting in the Cortes-, and to the local oligarchies. In Córdoba, during the reign of Philip II, offices, wastelands, jurisdictions and sales taxes were sold. The purchasers of jurisdictions, which is what we are dealing with in this article, were the "powerful";, nobles and the towns themselves. Here three types of sale were envisaged: cession to the King's creditors, actual purchases and sales, and the bartering of "meadows for jurisdiction";. In order to prevent these sales, the city offered alternative services to the Crown, making it indispensable to massively take out mortgages which contributed to the municipal debt. All this allows us to affirm that it is not possible to understand the political organization of the Spanish monarchy without taking into account the importance of its sustainment by the local treasuries.
Palabras clave : Philip II; Spanish monarchy; Jurisdiction; Treasury; Powers.