Cuadernos de historia de España
On-line version ISSN 1850-2717
RIVERA MEDINA, Ana María. La vitivinicultura española en los siglos XIV-XVII: Una mirada al caso de Bilbao. Cuad. hist. Esp. [online]. 2009, vol.83, pp. 187-223. ISSN 1850-2717.
In the late Middle Ages the European geography was covered by grapevines. Villages, villas and cities formed a landscape of the vineyard that was common, but also distinctive, depending on edaphic and climatic conditions for the disposition of the culture in vineyards or vine arbors and, after the vintage, on the way of elaborating and conserving the caldos. Opposite to the cereal's model of extensive agriculture, the viticulture appears on the peripheries of towns, in smallholdings, and intensive. This difference is also shown in relation to the possession of the land, the labor force, the capitalist agroindustrial and commercial accumulation, and the conciliation of solidarities. This model acquires peculiar characteristics when the terroir does not accompany the actors' determinations to supply the population with their own wines; such is the case of the Biscayan villas placed in the coast of the homonymous gulf and, concretely, of Bilbao. In this study we intend to show the situation of the European vineyard and its manifestation in the villa throughout the medieval autumn and in modern times.
Keywords : Viticulture; Vineyard; Wine; Bilbao; Vizcaya.