Cuadernos de historia de España
On-line version ISSN 1850-2717
SANZ CAMANES, Porfirio. La diplomacia beligerante: Felipe IV y el Tratado Anglo-Español de 1630. Cuad. hist. Esp. [online]. 2009, vol.83, pp. 225-245. ISSN 1850-2717.
When Philip IV reached power, the international political situation was quite favourable for Spain. However, the Pax Hispanica, obtained by his predecessor, could not avoid Spain's prestige and reputation being seriously damaged. Any change in foreign politics could break this unstable balance, especially in the Atlantic northwest. Several factors such as the end of the Twelve Years Truce with the Dutch, the Spanish support to the French Huguenots and the weakness of the Anglo-Spanish relationships after the return of Gondomar from England, led to a different situation. The new diplomacy considered rearmament, plot and military interventionism as useful tools to reach its objectives. The short war with England, between 1625 and 1630, and the subsequent negotiations with London proved how important it was for both countries to reach a treaty of peace. The stability of the Anglo-Spanish relationships allowed to keep the balance with France and the Low Countries. The treaty of Madrid in 1630 made it possible for Spain to keep its political, military and economical influence in Europe.
Keywords : Philip IV; England; Political relationships; Treaty of Madrid; Seventeenth century.