Cuadernos de historia de España
version ISSN 0325-1195
CAVALLERO, Constanza. Supersticios y marranos: El discurso anti-mágico de Lope de Barrientos a la luz de la "Cuestión Conversa". Cuad. hist. Esp. [online]. 2010, vol.84, pp. 59-88. ISSN 0325-1195.
By the mid-fifteenth century, the first discourses against the "new Christians" emerged in Castile together with a new type of literature: that which, forged at the very core of the high theological culture, was aimed at condemning practices and beliefs considered to be superstitious. Since this concurrence of events does not appear to be fortuitous, throughout this work we will attempt to demonstrate the close relationship that exists between both discursive formations. The origin of the anti-superstitious literature in Hispanic regions must be thus understood bearing in mind its connection with the mounting socio-political tension over religious minorities and, in particular, its relationship with other novel discourses which emerged along with the so-called "issue of the new Christians". This work analyses, based on the study of the three anti-magic treatises written by Lope de Barrientos, the extent to which those treatises arose from -and interfered in- the chaotic situation which followed the "anti-converso" uprising in 1449. In this sense, our work seeks to demonstrate that this event led to a reorganization of the power-knowledge relations in the Kingdom of Castile, i.e. a transformation in the truth-making mechanisms relating specifically to the new-found need to mold an "other-within-us", which would make it possible to explain the conditions in which the anti-superstitious literature emerged.
Keywords : Superstition; New Christians; 1449 uprising; Inner Otherness.