Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana
versión ISSN 0325-2957
GOMEZ MARTINEZ, Erika et al. Immunodiagnostic in Didelphis marsupialis using an antigen of Venezuelan Paragonimus. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.4, pp. 681-688. ISSN 0325-2957.
Paragonimus are trematodes that normally live in the lungs of carnivorous and omnivorous mammals such as humans. An outbreak of Paragonimus sp. in which Didelphis marsupialis was the only wild reservoir incriminated was described in eastern Venezuela. In order to have immunological tools to detect the presence of Paragonimus sp. in this reservoir, a whole antigen of the adult worm of this parasite was elaborated. Didelphis marsupialis were captured in the locality of Aguas Blancas, Montes municipality, Sucre state, Venezuela, from which blood samples were obtained and a search for worms was performed in lungs. Worms were homogenized and ultracentrifugated to obtain FSPA to perform immunoassay (ELISA) to detect antibodies in opossums. The electrophoresis analysis showed a pattern of 22 molecules between 6 and 82 kDa; by western blot, the antigenic recognition of 8 antigenic molecules appeared,112 kDa and 268 kDa molecules being the most strongly recognized by positive sera. The negative sera did not recognize any band. The production of IgY in chicken enabled the development of reagents capable of performing a standard immunodiagnosis technique to find specific anti-Paragonimus sp. in Didelphis marsupialis in order to establish epidemiological surveillance of these reservoirs in endemic areas.
Palabras llave : Paragonimus sp; Didelphis marsupialis; Immunodiagnostic.