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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

versión impresa ISSN 0325-2957


FACIO, María Laura et al. Urinary microproteins in normoalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2014, vol.48, n.3, pp.291-300. ISSN 0325-2957.

Urinary excretion of microproteins (MU) was detected in normoalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients, in the range of 68-25 kDa using SDS-PAGE with silver staining. The purpose of this study was to identify MU in diabetic patients in different grades of diabetic nephropathy, in order to clarify the diagnostic relevance as a marker of renal tubular damage. In the spontaneous urine of 119 type 2 diabetic patients, urinary albumin, urinary creatinine and serum were determined. Five groups were formed: 71 normoalbuminuric, 28 microalbuminuric, 12 macroalbuminuric, 2 in pre-dialysis and 6 in hemodialysis. The MU were separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis for clinical use (2D UC) and were identified by immunoblotting or MALDI-TOF-TOF mass spectrometry and analyzed using Image J version 1.30v. Of the normoalbuminurics patients studied, 66% excreted the following MU: orosomucoid, 35 kDa fragment of inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 (ITIH4) and Beta Trace; but their concentrations did not reflect tubular damage because they exhibited a progressive downregulation. These proteins are involved in vascular endothelium, and they could be a marker of renal tubular-microvascular disease that would be useful in systemic diseases with cardiovascular risk and with preserved renal function.

Palabras clave : Type 2 diabetes; Diabetic nephropathy; Two-dimensional electrophoresis urine; Zinc-alpha 2 glycoprotein; LG3 peptide; Prostaglandine D2 sinthase; Inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor H4; Vascular endothelium.

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