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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

Print version ISSN 0325-2957On-line version ISSN 1851-6114


BRITO, Graciela Mabel; LOPEZ, Laura Beatriz  and  OLIVERI, Beatriz. Dietary intake and biochemical parameters related to bone health in women older than 65 years old. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2016, vol.50, n.3, pp.395-406. ISSN 0325-2957.

An inadequate intake (I) of energy (E), protein (Pr), calcium (Ca) and vitamin D (VD) might affect elderly bone health. The objectives of the present work were to assess energy (E), protein (Pr), calcium (Ca), and VD I in women older than 65 years old(y) and to evaluate bone biochemical parameters (BP) and the relationship with dietary I The population under sudy was constituted by a total group (TG):151 [102 in summer (SG) and 49 in autumm-winter (A-WG)] ambulatory healthy women with 72±6 (X±SD). Food consumption frequency and sunlight exposure questionnaires were carried out. Serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD), crosslaps (CTX), calcium (sCa), phosphate (sP), bone alkaline phosphatase and uCa/uCr ratio were measured in 24-hour urine samples. As a result, the TG showed an adequate EI, lower CaI (in 50%) and VD (in 100%) and higher PrI than dietary reference intake but not higher than the upper I level. A total of 93% of A-WG and 37.2% of SG had vitamin D deficiency (25OHD < 20 ng/mL). There were significative but weak correlations between 25OHD and sCa (r=0.212; p<0.013), sP (r=0.267; p<0.003), uCa/uCr (r=0.227; p<0.02), sunlight exposure (r=0.267; p<0.014), CaI (r=0.26; p<0.003) in TG; and between 25OHD and VD I only in the A-WG (r=0.367, p<0.012). An inadequate intake of Ca and VD and high prevalence of VD deficiency were evident. VD supplementation and promotion of a higher intake of dairy products in the elderly are suggested.

Keywords : Vitamin D; Calcium intake; Protein intake; Energy intake; 25 hydroxy vitamin D; Elderly people; Nutritional status.

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