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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

versión impresa ISSN 0325-2957versión On-line ISSN 1851-6114


FACIO, María Laura et al. Urinary microprotein markers of renal disease in patients with glomerulopathies. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2016, vol.50, n.4, pp.525-546. ISSN 0325-2957.

In Glomerulopathies, urinary microproteins (UM) are eliminated by different pathophysiological mechanisms. The objective of this work was to correlate the UM with the histological damage evaluated in the renal biopsy through puncture of patients with various glomerular diseases. Forty-four urine samples (33 females, 11 males) aged 18 to 71 years old were studied by the method of two-dimensional electrophoresis of clinical use (2D UC). The identified proteins were divided into 5 groups and were compared with vascular injury, glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury, the latter in chronic and acute cases. The group identified as the "Three Marias" (fragment 35 kDa protein trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4, prostaglandin H2 synthase and 23 kDa fragment of Perlecan), was not found as marker of tubular damage, but it was found in chronic glomerular disorders. The presence of this same group -with proteinuria- is seen before the collapse of the glomerular filtration rate (<60 mL/min) and it is correlated with 30% of fully sclerotic glomeruli (p<0.001). In glomerulopathy, the Triangle group: Alpha-1 microglobulin (A1m) and free Immunoglobulin light chains (FLC), indicates active glomerular injury. Therefore, the UM in glomerular diseases, respond to active and chronic glomerular lesions. Urinary protein profiles found by the 2D UC made it possible to know the degree of renal injury in different renal compartments.

Palabras clave : Prostaglandin H2 synthase; Glomerulopathy; Urinary microprotein.

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