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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

Print version ISSN 0325-2957On-line version ISSN 1851-6114


PAEZ-VALERY, María Concepción et al. Prohepcidine iron status and inflammation in healthy and asymptomatic H. pylori school children. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2017, vol.51, n.2, pp.183-194. ISSN 0325-2957.

The hepcidin-ferroportin axis is crucial in iron homeostasis. High serum hepcidine reduces iron intestinal absorption and tissue iron mobilization. Infection and inflammation increase serum hepcidin, predisposing to iron deficiency. Since Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection has been associated to iron deficiency, the serum levels of prohepcidin PH (a precursor of hepcidin) were evaluated in 80 school children infected with Hp but without gastric symptoms. This was compared with PH levels in a group of 59 non Hp infected children. The results showed that infected children (exhaled air method) had higher levels of protein C reactive protein (CRP) than the non-infected group. Both groups had similar levels of iron consumption, serum ferritin (Fs), hemoglobin, hematocrit, soluble transferrin receptors and PH. The prevalence of anemia and of subclinical iron deficiency in the whole group (infected + non-infected) reached 10 and 60% respectively with no differences between groups. However, in the group of non-infected children, serum PH correlated (r=0.730/ p<0.001) with Fs levels whereas in the infected children, PH did not correlate with Fs but it correlated with the severity of the infection (r = 0.52/p<0.001). The tendency of PH to increase with the severity of infection could explain the higher prevalence of iron deficiency seen in Hp infection.

Keywords : Hepcidin; Prohepcidin; Helicobacter pylori; School children; Inflammation; Iron homeostasis; Anemia; Iron deficiency.

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