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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

Print version ISSN 0325-2957On-line version ISSN 1851-6114


SANCHEZ NEGRETTE, Olga et al. Seroprevalencia of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in school-age children from localities in Salta and Chaco, Argentina. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2017, vol.51, n.4, pp.687-694. ISSN 0325-2957.

The aim of this work was to identify seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in school-age children who live in localities from Salta and Chaco. This work was conducted in the following schools: 44 located in Salta city, 10 in La Unión, 7 in Taco Pozo, and several in rural spots around San Carlos town. The design was cross-sectional and the samples were taken by capillary punction with Serokit equipment. Seropositive cases were confirmed by HAI and ELISA performed on serum obtained by venous punction. Confirmed seropositive cases were treated with Benznidazol® for 60 days in doses of 5-7 mg/kg/day. Tables with absolute and relative frequencies were made for statistical analysis. It resulted that the number of school-aged children analyzed was 17,884, 159 being seropositive. The highest seroprevalence was detected in La Unión and the lowest in Salta city. Treatment was given to 93 children (71.54%) from Salta city, while every child was treated in rural areas. Infections in mothers was vector-borne mainly (64.47%). It can be concluded that even though seroprevalence was lower in the city of Salta than in rural areas, it is important to continue monitoring for Chagas disease.

Keywords : Seroprevalence; Trypanosoma cruzi; School-age children; Salta; Chaco; Vectors.

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