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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

Print version ISSN 0325-2957On-line version ISSN 1851-6114


AMIGO, Quillen et al. Quality Assurance in the Laboratory of Molecular Biology: Control of Environmental Contamination. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2018, vol.52, n.2, pp.205-211. ISSN 0325-2957.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the most important technique in Molecular Biology. Its main deficiency is susceptibility to contamination of the sample, either with amplification products generated in previous reactions or with genetic material from other samples. Contamination is understood as the undesired presence of DNA or RNA molecules, which may act as annealing in amplification reactions. The objective of this work is to demonstrate the importance of implementing a periodic environmental pollution control by monitoring the integrity of the PCR. To do this, different areas of work were swabbed and the presence of amplicons were investigated by Real Time PCR in Lighcycler 2.0, Roche® and Ampliprep Cobas s201, Roche®. At critical points in the circuit (laminar flow or pre-PCR area booth) no amplicons were detected, although they were found in countertops and refrigerators. In the rest of the circuit, the distribution of the amplicons was variable. Thus, the importance of conducting a periodic environmental contamination control in laboratories that perform the PCR technique is demonstrated, enabling early detection contamination and corrective actions being taken on time.

Keywords : Polymerase chain reaction; PCR circuit; Amplicon contamination; Good laboratory practice; Molecular biology laboratory.

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