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Acta bioquímica clínica latinoamericana

versão impressa ISSN 0325-2957versão On-line ISSN 1851-6114


BELCHIOR, Silvia et al. Estudio multicéntrico de disfunción vaginal de la Red Nacional de Laboratorios BACOVA de la República Argentina: prevalencia, influencia de factores seleccionados, evaluación clínica y distribución de casos por región. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2021, vol.55, suppl.1, pp.49-50. ISSN 0325-2957.

The aims of this study were to update the prevalence of vaginal dysfunction (VD) in non-pregnant women of childbearing age, pregnant women and menopausal women, to analyse microbiological aspects, to evaluate the influence of parity and contraception in the vaginal microenvironment, to analyse case studies, and to compare the prevalence in the five regions of Argentina: Northeast, Northwest, Centre, Cuyo and South. Eight thousand three hundred twenty-four (8324) vaginal content samples of patients from 39 institutions, examined between May 2019 and June 2020, were prospectively and consecutively studied. The samples were analysed applying the standardized BAVACO-VIR methodology (study of the balance of vaginal content and genital inflammatory response). Of the 8324 samples, 5947 (71.5%) corresponded to women of childbearing age; 1627 (19.5%) to pregnant women and 750 (9.0%) to menopausal women. The most frequent basic vaginal state (BVS) in the three groups was BVS I with normal microbiota, accounting for 33.5% of the entire studied population. Moreover, 66.5% of vaginal dysfunction states were detected. In the pregnant women and menopausal women group there was a significant increase in the frequency of normal BVS I, in contrast with the group of women of childbearing age, where a significant increase of vaginosis and vaginitis was observed. In asymptomatic women, a predominance of BVS I was detected in the three groups. In symptomatic women, there was a predominance of BVS II and V in pregnant women, of BVS II, IV and V in women of childbearing age, and of BVS III and V in menopausal women. Asymptomatic VD was detected in 56.6% of pregnant women, 62.8% of women of childbearing age and 50.9% of menopausal women. A significantly positive association was detected between the presence of yeasts and BVS II and V and the presence of trichomonas and BVS V. The multiparity history variable showed a statistically significant positive association with BVS V and a negative association with BVS I. With regard to contraception, in women who used hormonal contraceptives it was observed that oral contraceptives increased the frequency of BVS I and II and decreased the frequency of BVS III, IV and V of VD; in those who used an intradermal device, there was a decrease in the frequency of BVS I, II and III and an increase in the frequency of BVS IV and V, whereas in women using injectable contraceptives, there was no association. The intrauterine device decreased the frequency of BVS I and II and increased the frequency of BVS V; the condom increased the frequency of BVS IV and the rhythm method decreased the frequency of BVS II. In BVS I, a decrease in the frequency of signs and symptoms was detected. The prevalence of VD in some regions accounted for values over 80%, a higher figure than that described at the national and international levels, which reflects the poor and insufficient action in Sexual and Reproductive Health. The high percentage of asymptomatic women with VD highlights the importance of studying the vaginal content, even in the absence of symptoms. A history of multiparity and contraception showed a link with vaginal function, reflecting the importance of considering this fact in a gynecological evaluation. Although the relationship of BVS with signs and symptoms does not constitute a diagnostic tool, it contributes to the understanding of pathogenic mechanisms.

Palavras-chave : Vaginal dysfunction; BAVACO; Prevalence; Risk factors.

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