Revista argentina de microbiología
versión On-line ISSN 1851-7617
ZERBINI, E.; ANDREU, D.; TONARELLI, G. y SEQUEIRA, M. D.. In-vitro activity of two hybrid synthetic peptides having antimicrobial activity against mycobacteria. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2006, vol.38, n.4, pp. 221-223. ISSN 1851-7617.
The increase in both Mycobacterium tuberculosis human clinical isolates resistant to the essential drugs and cases of disseminated micobacteriosis due to Mycobacterium avium Complex, underlines the need to investigate new antimicobacterial agents. The antimicrobial peptides are a new group of active antibiotics with a particular mechanism of action. Some of them, like cecropin and melittin, isolated from insects, have demonstrated good in vitro activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Synthetic hybrids of those peptides have been more active than individual peptides. In this study, the in vitro activity of two hybrid synthetic peptides from melittin and cecropin against M. tuberculosis, M. avium Complex, Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium smegmatis has been evaluated. The minimal inhibitory concentration was determined by using the broth macrodilution technique. The minimal bactericide concentration in Lowenstein Jensen medium was then obtained. The peptides studied were active, in vitro, against M. smegmatis, but they did not show any activity against the other mycobacteria analyzed.
Palabras clave : antimicrobial peptides; mycobacteria; cecropin; melittin.