Revista argentina de microbiología
versión On-line ISSN 1851-7617
PONSONE, M. L. et al. Fate of ochratoxin A content in Argentinean red wine during a pilot scale vinification. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2009, vol.41, n.4, pp. 245-250. ISSN 1851-7617.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the fate of ochratoxin A (OTA) content from must to wine during the red wine making process in a pilot scale vinification. The study was done using musts obtained from two red grape varieties (Bonarda and Tempranillo) artificially contaminated with two OTA levels. A duplicate set of tanks of 100 l each was established for each must (Bonarda and Tempranillo). The fermentations were initiated by inoculation of two Saccharomyces spp. strains having different fermentation performance. The must from the Tempranillo variety was spiked with 6 μg/l of OTA while that from the Bonarda variety with 0.3 μg/l of the toxin. Samples were collected at different stages of the process. Performance of the alcoholic and malolactic fermentations was monitored. Titratable and volatile acidity, pH, ethanol, sugar and SO2 concentrations were determined following standard methods proposed by the Office International de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV). OTA analysis was done by HPLC. Detection and quantification limits were 0.01 and 0.1 ng/ml, respectively. The OTA levels during the vinification trials dropped to an average of about 86.5%. The type of Saccharomyces strains used showed no effect on toxin reduction.
Palabras clave : Ochratoxin A; Wine; Grapes; Vinification process.