Revista argentina de microbiología
versión impresa ISSN 0325-7541
REYNALDI, F. J.; LACUNZA, J.; ALIPPI, A. M. y RULE, R.. Binding of tylosin, tilmicosin and oxytetracycline to proteins from honeybees, larvae and beehive products. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2010, vol.42, n.4, pp. 279-283. ISSN 0325-7541.
American Foulbrood (AFB) caused by the spore-forming bacterium Paenibacillus larvae is the most serious disease of bacterial origin affecting larvae and pupae of honeybees. Antibiotics are used in many countries for the control of AFB in high incidence areas, but their misuse may lead to antibiotic resistance of bacterial strains and honey contamination. The objective of the present work was to determine, through a biological method, the protein binding of tylosin, tilmicosin and oxytetracycline to worker jelly; honey; pollen; adult bees and larvae in order to propose their kinetic routes. The sensitivity limit of the technique used was 0.05 μg/ml for tylosin and tilmicosin and 0.01 μg/ml for oxytetracycline, respectively. The method had intra and inter-assay correlation coefficients over 0.90, respectively and a coefficient variation of intra-and inter-assay for all antibiotics and processed samples under 5%. Tylosin and oxytetracycline presented lower percentages of protein binding in tissues and hive products (average 15%) in relation to those observed for tilmicosin (29%). In conclusion, tylosin is useful for AFB control in honey bee colonies due to its chemical characteristics, antimicrobial activity and levels of protein binding in bees, larvae, and beehive products.
Palabras clave : Protein binding; Biological method; Bees; Larvae; Honey; Worker jelly.