Revista argentina de microbiología
versión impresa ISSN 0325-7541
DOMINGUEZ, María S; ESCALANTE, Alicia H; FOLABELLA, Alicia M y ZAMORA, Ángela S. Selective grazing by protists upon enteric bacteria in an aquatic system. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2012, vol.44, n.1, pp. 43-48. ISSN 0325-7541.
It is well known that protozoan grazing can be an important agent of mortality for suspended bacteria, both in marine and freshwater environments. Considering that the presence of fecal contamination is a frequent phenomenon in tríese environments, and that Escherichia coli and the genus Enterococcus are indicators of microbiological water quality, the effect of protozoan grazing on E. coli and Enterococcus faecalis in Los Padres Lagoon waters (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 37° 56'30" S, 57° 44'30" W) was herein analyzed. Microcosm assays were carried out, simulating lacustrine conditions, confronting suspensions of autochthonous bacterivorous protozoans with suspensions of autochthonous and collection strains of E. coli and E. faecalis, combined and individually. Daily counts were made for evaluating bacterial survival and the number of ciliates. The results obtained indicate that there is a preferential sequence for bacterial removal in the water, where E. faecalis is more grazing-resistant than E. coli. Moreover, it was noted that the origin of bacterial strains influenced their sensitivity for grazing, at least in the short term (e.g. the collection strains were less affected). We conclude that protozoan grazing can modify the relative abundance of fecal indicator microorganisms, thus altering the results of water quality studies.
Palabras clave : Grazing; Escherichia coli; Enterococcus faecalis; Protozoans; Selectivity.