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Revista argentina de microbiología

versión impresa ISSN 0325-7541

Resumen

FERNANDEZ-RENDON, Carlos L  y  BARRERA-ESCORCIA, Guadalupe. Comparison of techniques for coliform bacteria extraction from sediment of Xochimilco Lake, Mexico. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.3, pp.180-184. ISSN 0325-7541.

The need to separate bacteria from sediment in order to appropriately count them has led to test the efficacy of different techniques. In this research, traditional techniques such as manual shaking, homogenization, ultrasonication, and surfactant are compared. Moreover, the possibility of using a set of enzymes (pancreatine) and an antibiotic (ampicillin) for sediment coliform extraction is proposed. Samples were obtained from Xochimilco Lake in Mexico City. The most probable number of coliform bacteria was determined after applying the appropriate separation procedure. Most of the techniques tested led to numbers similar to those of the control (manual shaking). Only with the use of ampicillin, a greater total coliform concentration was observed (Mann-Whitney, z = 2.09; p = 0.03). It is possible to propose the use of ampicillin as a technique for total coliform extraction; however, it is necessary to consider sensitivity of bacteria to the antibiotic.

Palabras clave : Separation of bacteria; Glycocalyx; Most probable number.

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