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Revista argentina de microbiología

Print version ISSN 0325-7541On-line version ISSN 1851-7617


CASTRO-GARZA, Jorge et al. An acidic sphingomyelinase Type C activity from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2016, vol.48, n.1, pp.21-26. ISSN 0325-7541.

Sphingomyelinases (SMases) catalyze the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Sphingolipids are recognized as diverse and dynamic regulators of a multitude of cellular processes mediating cell cycle control, differentiation, stress response, cell migration, adhesion, and apoptosis. Bacterial SMases are virulence factors for several species of pathogens. Whole cell extracts of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains H37Rv and CDC1551 were assayed using [N-methyl-14C]-sphingomyelin as substrate. Acidic Zn2+-dependent SMase activity was identified in both strains. Peak SMase activity was observed at pH 5.5. Interestingly, overall SMase activity levels from CDC1551 extracts are approximately 1/3 of those of H37Rv. The presence of exogenous SMase produced by M. tuberculosis during infection may interfere with the normal host inflammatory response thus allowing the establishment of infection and disease development. This Type C activity is different from previously identified M. tuberculosis SMases. Defining the biochemical characteristics of M. tuberculosis SMases helps to elucidate the roles that these enzymes play during infection and disease.

Keywords : Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Tuberculosis; Sphingomyelinase; Virulence factors; Mexico.

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