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Revista argentina de microbiología

Print version ISSN 0325-7541On-line version ISSN 1851-7617


MEDINA LARA, M. Socorro et al. Production of a compost accelerator inoculant. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2018, vol.50, n.2, pp.206-210. ISSN 0325-7541.

Composting was performed using a mixture of ovine manure and straw. Inoculum was extracted at five different phases of the composting process (18, 23, 28, 33 and 38 days after the start of the composting process) and its effect on reducing biotransformation time was evaluated in the composted ovine manure. The samples were preserved in a deep freezer, then lyophilized to obtain the inoculum, 50g of which was added to each treatment in the second experimental phase. Six treatments were established; C = straw (P) + ovine manure (E), T1 = P+ E+ inoculum 18 days after the start of the composting process (I18), T2 = P + E + I23, T3 = P + E +128, T4 = P + E +133, T5 = P + E +138, with three replications. Treatments were placed in a controlled-environment chamber at 45% relative humidity and 30°C along with flasks containing 50 g of material to measure daily production, CO2 accumulation, temperature, pH, electric conductivity (dS/m), organic matter (%), total nitrogen (%), total carbon (%), C: N ratio, particle size (Tp) and bulk density (g/l). CO2 production (mg) showed a significant difference (p <.05) of treatments T2 and T5 with respect to the others, which demonstrated that the inoculum of these treatments accelerated the dynamics of microorganisms and the composting process. The quality and maturity of the compost are guaranteed as the amount of CO2 decreases.

Keywords : Mineralization; CO2; Biotransformation; Organic waste.

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