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Revista argentina de microbiología

Print version ISSN 0325-7541On-line version ISSN 1851-7617


SANCHEZ, Cecilia I; BENINTENDE, María C  and  BENINTENDE, Silvia M. Cyanobacteria populations in rice soils: rotation effects. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2019, vol.51, n.1, pp.72-76. ISSN 0325-7541.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different rice rotations on cyanobacteria populations during the growing season. The study was conducted in Entre Ríos (Argentina). Four crop rotations were evaluated: rice-soybean (AS); rice-soybean-corn-soybean (ASMS); rice-rice (AA) and rice-pasture (AP). Soil and water samples were collected in 4 stages: implantation, tillering, booting and physiological maturity. The potential number of cyanobacteria population was lowerin relation to other rice sites previously reported. The lowest counts were recorded during implantation whereas the highest counts were obtained during booting. The statistical analysis showed no effect of rotation on the variable number of cyanobacteria, although AA was the most abundant. A total of 13 taxa were identified: Lyngbya, Oscillatoria, Plectonema, Spirulina, Anabaena, Nostoc, Aulosira, Calothrix, Gloeotrichia, Aphanocapsa, Croococcus, Mycrocystis and Gloeocapsa. AP rotation recorded the lowest number of genera. AS and AA had a higher proportion of filamentous cyanobacteria. Simpson's index was low. It was concluded that crop rotations had a differential effect on some aspects of cyanobacteria population such as the proportion of unicellular to filamentous cyanobacteria, genera presence and richness.

Keywords : Rice rotation; Cyanobacteria diversity; Population dynamics.

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