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Revista argentina de microbiología

Print version ISSN 0325-7541On-line version ISSN 1851-7617


QUITERIO, Angelina Herrera et al. Antagonic and plant growth-promoting effects of bacteria isolated from mine tailings at El Fraile, Mexico. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2020, vol.52, n.3, pp.111-120. ISSN 0325-7541.

Mine tailings contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as As, Pb, Cu, Mn, andFe, which are detrimental to the health of humans and the environment. In tailings at the ElFraile mine in Guerrero, Mexico, some plant species are apparently tolerant of heavy metals andcan be found growing in the tailings. These plants could be associating with heavy metal-tolerantbacteria that promote plant growth and improve biomass production, and these bacteria couldbe a useful alternative for bacteria-assisted phytoremediation. The objective of this study wasto isolate bacteria detected in the mine tailings at El Fraile-Taxco, focusing on those in the soilfrom the rhizosphere, the inner tissue of the root, leachate, and water, which have the poten-tial to promote plant growth. The ability of the isolated bacteria to promote plant growth wasevaluated in vitro. Of the 151 morphotypes isolated, 51% fix nitrogen, 12% dissolve phosphates,and 12%, 39.7%, and 48.3% produce indole acetic acid, gibberellins, and siderophores, respec-tively. In addition, 66.7% were observed to produce lytic enzymes, such as proteases, celluloses,lipases, esterases, and amylases, which exhibited activity against Fusarium, Aspergillus, andColletotrichum. The use of 16S rRNA analysis led to the identification of the bacterial generaChryseobacterium, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium, Staphylococcus, Curtobacterium,Enterobacter, Agrobacterium, Ochrobactrum, Serratia, Stenotrophomonas, and Acinetobac-ter. The bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere exhibited the greatest ability to fix nitrogenand produced indole acetic acid, gibberellins, siderophore, and lytic enzymes. In addition, theisolates collected from the soil samples demonstrated ability to solubilize phosphate.

Keywords : Phytohormones; Lytic enzymes; Nitrogen fixation; Mineral solubilization.

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