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Revista argentina de microbiología

versión impresa ISSN 0325-7541versión On-line ISSN 1851-7617


CEJAS, Daniela et al. Full characterization of an IncR plasmid harboring qnrSI recovered from a VIM-11-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Rev. argent. microbiol. [online]. 2020, vol.52, n.4, pp.31-40. ISSN 0325-7541.

Metallo-p-lactamases (MBL) producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates have been well characterized. Quinolones are commonly used in the treatment of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa infections; however, data about PMQR in this species are scarce. The objective of this study was to report the simultaneous presence of qnrS and blaV|M-n in P. aeruginosa, and to characterize the qnrS-harboring plasmid. Thirty-eight carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates were recovered from a hospital in Buenos Aires during 2012. Screening forMBL was assessed by the double disk synergy test using EDTA and carbapenem discs. Plasmid DNA extraction was performed by a method using phenol-chloroform. PCR followed by sequencing was carried out to determine each MBL and PMQR allele. PCR-BseGI-RFLP was performed to detect aac-(6')-Ib-cr. The gyrA-QRDR was sequenced in those PMQR-harboring isolates. Plasmid incompatibility groups and addiction systems were characterized by PCR. The PMQR-carrying plasmid was sequenced using Illumina technology, annotated using RAST and manually curated. Eleven/38 isolates were VIM producers (blaVIM-2 and blaVIM-11) while 1/38 harbored blaIMP-13. One isolate harbored blaVIM-11 and the PMQR qnrSI; however, both markers were located in different plasmids. The qnrSí-harboring plasmid (pP6qnrS1) was 117 945 bp in size, presented 154 CDS and corresponded to the IncR group. In addition to qnrSI, it harbored several aminoglycoside resis-tance markers. Although pP6qnrS1 was non-conjugative, it presented an oriT which made it possible for this plasmid to be transferable. This is the first report on P. aeruginosa carrying both blaVIM-11 and qnrSI, plus the first detection of an IncR plasmid in Argentina.

Palabras clave : Metallo carbapenemase; PMQR; qnrSÍplasmid; Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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