Latin American applied research
versión impresa ISSN 0327-0793
LONGHI, L. G. S.; LIMA, E. L.; BARRERA, P. R. y SECCHI, A. R.. Nonlinear H∞ control of an experimental pH neutralization system. Lat. Am. appl. res. [online]. 2004, vol.34, n.3, pp. 141-148. ISSN 0327-0793.
The classical control theory is based on the design of linear controllers for systems described by linear models. However, there exist some situations where it is not recommended, or even impossible, to use a linear controller. One of those situations arises when the magnitude of the process gain experiences a dramatic variation within the operating range of interest. A classic example of a chemical process where this situation occurs is the pH control around the neutralization point in a continuous stirred tank. In this work, the pH control for a strong acid - strong base system is addressed. To solve this problem, a nonlinear H∞ control law is derived based on a nonlinear model previously developed. The attainment of that control law is done with the help of recent mathematical results from the authors concerning the solution of Hamilton-Jacobi-Isaacs inequalities. The nonlinear controller is implemented on an experimental reactor and its performance is compared with a PID control law tuned according to the classical minimum error integral criteria. The obtained results show that the nonlinear H∞ control theory can be a good alternative to solve this difficult SISO (Single Input - Single Output) control problem.
Palabras clave : Nonlinear Control; pH Control; Nonlinear H-Infinity Control.