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Latin American applied research

versión impresa ISSN 0327-0793

Resumen

GALLI, C. et al. Vascular heterografts for hemodyalisis access: analysis of elastic and viscous matching factor between human and ovine vessels. Lat. Am. appl. res. [online]. 2007, vol.37, n.3, pp. 201-206. ISSN 0327-0793.

Long-term vascular accesses are usually performed in patients submitted to renal replacement therapy using autologous vessels. When arterio-venous fistula creation is impossible, animal conduits have been used in order to obtain high patency rates. Bovine vessel heterograft has been introduced as a substitute for the construction of arterio-venous fistulas. However, when experimental research of graft failure is focused to vascular wall properties, the ovine model is one of the more frequently utilized instead of the study of bovine vessels. Biomechanical vessel wall properties study is very important, since the viscoelastic mismatch among the fistulae conduits has been pointed out as a determinant of intimal hyperplasia, a cause of access dysfunction. In this work we have analyzed viscoelastic properties of arteries and veins harvested from human donors in brain death condition and healthy sheep. The elastic mismatch calculus revealed that the human brachial artery and the ovine jugular veins exhibit the best coupling accompanied by an optimal viscous matching.

Palabras llave : Hemodialysis Access; Arterial Elasticity; Venous Elasticity; Vascular Viscosity; Elastic Mismatch.

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