Latin American applied research
versión impresa ISSN 0327-0793
RINALDONI, A.N. et al. Analytic determinations of minerals content by XRF, ICP and EEA in ultrafiltered milk and yoghurt. Lat. Am. appl. res. [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.2, pp. 113-118. ISSN 0327-0793.
The application of ultrafiltration for milk concentration allows obtaining a raw material for yoghurt elaboration, with total solids increased. The products have special characteristics due to different ratios proteins/lactose can be obtained, as well as they have nutritional properties with beneficial effects in human health. In this study the content of calcium, potassium, phosphorous, iron, zinc, magnesium and sodium in milk, its distribution during ultrafiltration and in the fermented product have been studied by means of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). The results show that XRF technique has been successfully used for determination of minerals content in dairy products, still for trace species. The minerals measures were validated with other analytical techniques with high accuracy and versatility as inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (ICP) and atomic emission spectrometry (EEA). Furthermore the proteins content was increased 13 % and lactose content has been reduced in 30 %, in compared with some commercial products.
Palabras clave : Ultrafiltration; Milk; Yoghurt; Mineral Content.