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Mastozoología neotropical

versión On-line ISSN 1666-0536


SOLARI, Sergio et al. Riqueza, endemismo y conservación de los mamíferos de Colombia. Mastozool. neotrop. [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.2, pp.301-365. ISSN 1666-0536.

We update the list of Colombian mammal species based upon a new revision of specimens in the major collections within and outside the country and a compilation of recent taxonomic changes of species present in the country. The result of these changes is a total of 492 native species, which represents a net increment of 62 species with respect to the previous list published in the year 2000, and this exceeds similar updates in other Neotropical countries. Although the level of knowledge differs greatly between groups, we provide some general indicators, as diversity on the level of orders, endemism, patterns of distribution, and conservation state. The greatest species richness occurs in the orders Chiroptera (198 spp.) and Rodentia (122 spp.), but there are 23 endemic species of rodents in contrast to only seven endemic bats. According to the nature and scale of the evaluations, between 39 (MAVDT) and 52 (IUCN) species of Colombian mammals are considered to be endangered. The major threats are still deforestation, hunting and illegal commerce.

Palabras clave : Colombia; Distribution; Diversity; Mammals; Taxonomy.

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