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Mastozoología neotropical

versión On-line ISSN 1666-0536


LESSA, Gisele; CORREA, Margaret M. O; PESSOA, Leila M  y  ZAPPES, Ighor A. Chromosomal differentiation in Kerodon rupestris (rodentia: caviidae) from the brazilian semi-arid region. Mastozool. neotrop. [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.2, pp.399-405. ISSN 1666-0536.

Kerodon rupestris (Wied, 1820) is the most specialized species among caviid rodents and is endemic to the extensive rocky outcrops in the semi-arid region in Brazil. Herein we describe different karyotypes for K. rupestris, based on samples collected in Itapajé, Ceará (CE), Iraquara in Bahia (BA), and Botumirim in Minas Gerais (MG). Our samples included northern, center and southern populations in the range of the species dis­tribution. The results were compared with a karyotype from Pernambuco previously described for the species. The diploid number (2n = 52) was constant among the analyzed population samples, but the fundamental number (FN) varied from 92 in Itapajé (CE) and Iraquara (BA), to 94 in Botumirim (MG). Pericentric inversions affecting one small pair of acrocentric chromosomes may explain this variation. C-Bands showed that constitutive heterochromatin was distributed in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes, constant for all examined populations. NOR sites were found in chromosomes pairs 10 and 11, constant for all populations. X chromosome was entirely heterochromatic, with greater heterochromatin concentration in interstitial and distal parts of the arms. Y chromosome was completely heterochromatic. Differences in chromosomal composition in Botumirim sample are congruent with the results of previous studies about cranial variability: Botumirim had the largest cranial size and was discriminated from other population samples in the multivariate character space. Since Botumirim is only 100 Km away from the type locality, it is proposed-in congruence with previously published results-that the FN for the species is polytypic (94/92).

Palabras clave : C-Bands; Cytogenetics; Kerodon rupestris; NOR.

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