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Mastozoología neotropical

Print version ISSN 0327-9383On-line version ISSN 1666-0536


GARCIAS, Felipe M et al. Environmental predictors of demography in the tuco-tuco of the dunes (Ctenomys flamarioni). Mastozool. neotrop. [online]. 2018, vol.25, n.2, pp.293-304. ISSN 0327-9383.

We studied the population ecology of the South American subterranean rodent Ctenomys flamarioni at the Taim Ecological Station, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A capture-mark-release program was conducted in two different time periods: (A) from February 2004 to November 2005 and (B) from December 2011 to March 2013; as a result, a total of131 individuals were marked. Some population parameters remained constant (average population density, survival rate), while others fluctuated (sex ratio, estimated population size, recruitment and mortality). The second sampling period had higher estimated population size and mortality and reduced recruitment compared to the first period. Sex ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1 in period A, but showed a significant departure from 1:1 in period B, with a greater number of females captured. Ctenomys flamarioni populations seem to be substantially influenced by local environmental factors; density was positively associated with temperature and negatively associated with precipitation. This is the first report of variation through time in reproduction and population rates for this species, which is under increasing risk of extinction.

Keywords : Conservation; Population biology; Population dynamics; Subterranean rodents.

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