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WEYERS, Alicia; UGNIA, Laura I.; GARCIA OVANDO, Hugo  and  GORLA, Nora B.. Antioxidant capacity of vitamin C in mouse liver and kidney tissues. Biocell [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.1, pp.27-31. ISSN 0327-9545.

In the present study, the antioxidant capacity of vitamin C was examined in the liver and the kidney tissues of mice with or without ciprofloxacin (CFX) treatment. The antioxidant capacity of the vitamin was evaluated in terms of lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs). The experimental design was 15 days of water (control and CFX groups) or vitamin C (vitamin C and vitamin C plus CFX groups) in drinking water. One dose of CFX was injected, 15 minutes before sacrifice, in the corresponding mice. The initial nmol of lipid hydroperoxides/g of tissue were 137 ± 11 in the kidney and 145 ± 15 in the liver, and the nmol of TBARs were 13 ± 0.7 and 12 ± 0.6, respectively. Pre-treatment with vitamin C reduced the levels of LOOH in the liver to 45 ± 11 (p<0.01) and vitamin C with CFX injection to 54 ± 9 (p<0.01). Vitamin C treatment also reduced the LOOH levels in the kidney roughly duplicated by CFX. Through the TBARs method we have not observed these effects. Quantification of LOOH is more sensitive than that of TBARs for estimating lipid peroxidation. CFX is used especially for urinary infections and can produce oxidative stress in the kidney. Pre-treatment with vitamin C may ameliorate this stress and also may improve the oxidative balance in the liver.

Keywords : Lipid peroxidation; Vitamin C; Ciprofloxacin; Mice.

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