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CARVALHO DE SOUZA, Patrícia; SALIM KHAYAT, André; CHAMON SELIGMANN, Igor  and  RODRIGUEZ BURBANO, Rommel Mario. Chromosome comparison between populations of the collared peccary, Tayassu tajacu, raised in captivity. Biocell [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.2, pp.207-210. ISSN 0327-9545.

The collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) is widely distributed over the American continent, being found from the south of the USA to the north of Argentina. In Brazil, it is spread all over the country, being one of the potential species to be raised in captivity. Therefore, the cytogenetic techniques could be a potential tool for reproductive monitoring of animals raised in captivity, mainly when destined for commercial purposes. This study had the objective of determining the chromosome number of two populations raised in captivity and characterizing them by GTG banding. For this purpose, an analysis was made of mitotic metaphases obtained from lymphocyte cultures made from blood samples of 11 animals, six of which from the Northeast and five from the North of Brazil. The results of this analysis showed the same karyotype pattern for the species (2n=30 chromosomes and NF=48), besides corresponding to the South American pattern of the species, i.e., without a translocation between autosomes 1 and 8, chromosome X acrocentric, and no differences were found between the two populations studied. However, chromosomal polymorphisms were observed compared to data from the literature on populations from North and South America.

Keywords : Cytogenetics; GTG Banding; Tayassuidae; Suidae; Pigs.

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