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Print version ISSN 0327-9545


MAZZEI, Luciana et al. WT-1 mRNA expression is modulated by nitric oxide availability and Hsp70 interaction after neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction. Biocell [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.3, pp.121-132. ISSN 0327-9545.

Wilms tumor gene 1 (wt-1), a key regulator of mesenchymal-epithelial transformation, is downregulated during congenital obstructive nephropathy, leading to apoptosis. There is a functional interaction between WT-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this regard, we reported that after neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction, rosuvastatin prevents apoptosis through an increase in nitric oxide bioavailability, which in turn is linked to higher Hsp70 expression. Hence, the goal of this study was to determine whether a nitric oxide/Hsp70 interaction is involved in changes in WT-1 mRNA expression after ureteral obstruction. Neonatal rats submitted to experimental ureteral obstruction were treated with either vehicle or rosuvastatin for 14 days. Decreased nitric oxide and iNOS/Hsp70 expression associated with WT-1 low expression was shown in obstructed kidneys. Apoptosis was induced and it was associated with an increased Bax/BcL2 ratio. Conversely, iNOS/Hsp70 upregulation and an increased WT-1 mRNA expression, without an apoptotic response, were observed in the cortex of obstructed kidneys of rosuvastatin-treated rats. Nitric oxide also modulated Hsp70 and WT-1 mRNA expression in MDCK cells. Finally, in vivo experiments with nitric oxide modulators support our hypothesis that WT-1 mRNA expression is associated with nitric oxide level. Results suggest that rosuvastatin may modulate WT-1 mRNA expression through renal nitric oxide bioavailability, preventing neonatal obstruction-induced apoptosis associated with Hsp70 interaction.

Keywords : Obstructive nephropathy; Apoptosis; Statins; Kidney development.

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