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Synthesis (La Plata)

versión On-line ISSN 1851-779X

Resumen

DI CAMILLO, Silvana. El problema del status ontológico del universal en Aristóteles. Synthesis (La Plata) [online]. 2004, vol.11, pp.103-122. ISSN 1851-779X.

This paper aims to pose the objective reference problem of the universals in Aristotle. First, I shall consider his earliest view in book I of On Ideas essay, where he seems to admit the existence of "common things' ( koiná ) (I). Then, I shall reconstruct the porfirian view of aristotelian universal, just as considered in his commentary on the Categories , as one property identically shared by many particulars (II). Finally, I shall explore the arguments Aristotle displays in Metaphysics Z, 13-14 against universal substantiality (III). I shall defend that the aporíai he finds in Plato leads him little by little to confirm there is nothing real that makes reference to the universal term, with the pernicious consequences this view brings for his conception of science as true, universal knowledge.

Palabras clave : Universals; Aristotle; Science.

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