Trabajo y sociedad
versión On-line ISSN 1514-6871
HAIDAR, Julieta. Gramsci and worker´s councils: Discussions about Revolutionary Potential of Unionism. Trab. soc. [online]. 2010, n.15, pp. 71-91. ISSN 1514-6871.
In the interaction between unions and capitalist society there is a dialectic relationship (Hyman, 1978) that has opened a group of questions in the area of theory and socialist practises. Those questions are about revolutionary potential in unions, development of worker´s conscience, reach of "revolutionary spontaneity" (espontaneísmo), relationship between union and revolutionary party, among others. On this work we try to explore the position taken by Antonio Gramsci about these topics in general and revolutionary potential in unions and workers councils under capitalist social-formation in particular. We will revise (from Hyman´s work) the visions of Marx and Engels, Lenin, Michels, Trotsky about unions in capitalism. We will contrast then with the position supported by Gramsci about this topic: The experience of Turin factory councils (1919-1920) first, and the time after their defeat then.
Palabras clave : Gramsci; Revolutionary potential; Unions; Worker´s councils; Capitalism.