Trabajo y sociedad
version ISSN 1514-6871
NARDACCHIONE, Gabriel. The governmental manipulations opposite to the protest: the educational conflict of 1992. Trab. soc. [online]. 2011, n.17, pp. 139-154. ISSN 1514-6871.
Often the studies of the social protest tend to give him an excessive importance to the act of protest. The variables that explain it can be contextual (resources, opportunities, cultural frames, etc), but the importance of the protest does not yield. Nevertheless, in many cases, the protest is manipulated by successes and blunders of the government, by absence or affirmation of certain policies. The educational conflict, in Argentina, during 1992, demonstrate a) a weak and relatively spontaneous actor, b) a conflict immediately after the lack of public policies that channel a process of transformation of the educational system and c) a decline of protest immediately after a governmental intervention orientated to the application of an educational global reform. In this work we will investigate on the influence of this "dark" aspect of the protest, analyzing four modalities of intervention of the government of C. Menem, during 1992: a) political negotiation, b) economic negotiation, c) rhetorical manipulation of confrontation and d) rhetorical manipulation of consensus. We will conclude on the multiple competitions of the governments to dissolve the social conflicts.
Keywords : Social protest; Education; Educational unions; Negotiation; Rhetoric.