Trabajo y sociedad
version ISSN 1514-6871
RIAT, Patricia. Peasant knowledge, the "monte santiagueño" as fodder resource. Trab. soc. [online]. 2012, n.19, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1514-6871.
Peasant knowledge about natural environment could be interpreted through their daily relationship with the "monte", where a big part of their needs of subsistence are supplied by it. Considering the primary mode of subsistence, animal husbandry, fodder's peasant knowledge is approached from the use of native plants. The study area is located in the phytogeographic Chaco región. It covers the northern part of Pueblo Los Juríes, between the departments of General Taboada and Brigadier Felipe Ibarra, at the center-east of Santiago del Estero. Livestock production is made in small scale and extensively, being farming systems mainly of subsistence. During one year three field trips in the area were performed. On the first trip the Project was presented to the comunity and informed consent was obteined for its development and publication of results. Data were collected through qualitative ethnobotanical techniques to record the knowledge and practices plant resources. Thirty five plants are presented -that are used locally as fodder- as well as the livestock type associated. Results demonstrate the importance of local knowledge concerning native plant species useful in livestock feeding. Despite the relatively short time of settlement of the rural population in the area, their knowledge, acquired from neighboring regions and in situ, demonstrate a high degree of observation and understanding of the ecosystem in wich they are immersed.
Keywords : Santiago del Estero; Peasants; Local knowledge; Animal husbandry; Native fodder; Monte.