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Revista argentina de antropología biológica

versión On-line ISSN 1514-7991


OYHENART, Evelia E  y  CESANI, María F. El Método Experimental En Antropología Biológica: Historia Y Actualidad En Argentina. Rev Arg Antrop Biol [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.1. ISSN 1514-7991.

Experimental methods in Anthropology are not different from those of other sciences. They are used to simulate previously observed natural events under controlled conditions, in order to study their causes and effects. Given that humans are immersed in a biological, physical and socio-cultural environment, establishing differentiation patterns proves more difficult because of the multiplicity of factors involved and their probable interactions. In this context, it became necessary to incorporate the experimental method in anthropological studies. In our study we review the past and present of the experimental method in Biological Anthropology, namely, the pioneering work of Sherwood Washburn and Samuel Detwiler, in amphibians, and that of Melvin Moss, in rats, to study cranial growth. In Argentina, Héctor Pucciarelli is recognized as the first to introduce this methodology in bioanthropological studies in the seventies. He also consolidated a work group and developed different lines of research still in progress today.

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