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Revista argentina de antropología biológica

On-line version ISSN 1514-7991


ESCOSTEGUY, Paula; SCABUZZO, Clara  and  GONZALEZ, María Isabel. Análisis bioarqueológico de los restos de arroyo el Siasgo (supuesto homo caputinclinatus de Ameghino 1910). Rev Arg Antrop Biol [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2. ISSN 1514-7991.

The archaeological research developed in the Salado River Depression during the last three decades has offered knowledge about pre-Hispanic people who lived there along over the Late Holocene. As a result of fieldworks, human remains had been recovered from three archaeological sites (La Guillerma Ñandú, La Guillerma 1, and La Guillerma 5), resulting in a minimal number of six individuals, who had been buried separately. In this paper new information is presented, the first bioarchaeological study of the skeleton recovered by Carlos Ameghino in arroyo El Siasgo at the beginnings of the XX century. The aim of this work is to present the results of the bioarchaeological analysis of this skeleton, and the radiocarbon dating obtained. It thus, seeks to the review of a singular historical case in the light of a renewed theoretical and methodological framework. From the bioarchaeological analysis, it was known that the human remains belonged to a juvenile (between 12 and 15 years old); that he appeared to have been buried in primary inhumation, and that his skull showed artificial cranial deformation. The dating obtained for the remains was ca. 3500 years BP, which constituted the oldest dating for the Salado River Depression. The isotopic analysis showed a mixed diet that included the consumption -in low amounts- of sea food. Finally, the results of this research are integrated with other bioarchaeological data from the area.

Keywords : Human remains; Paleodietary analysis; Radiocarbon date; Río Salado Depression.

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