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Revista argentina de antropología biológica

On-line version ISSN 1514-7991


RUDERMAN, Anahí et al. Somatotipos de adolescentes escolarizados de Córdoba (Argentina). Rev Arg Antrop Biol [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2. ISSN 1514-7991.

In this study, we analyze possible differential growth responses in adolescents, in particular, changes in body shape, in relation to their parents' social group (estimated by educational level). To quantify changes in body shape the somatotype method was employed. We studied 208 schoolchildren of both sexes, 12 to 18 years old, from two public schools in the city of Córdoba, Argentina. The students and their parents filled out a semi-structured survey about educational level of the formers, diet, and physical and recreational activities. Different anthropometric variables, such as weight, height, skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, and leg), elbow and knee breadth, and arm and calf circumference were assessed in order to estimate the somatotype by sex and age group to estimate both individual somatotype and also by sex and age group. Female group, according to the literature, showed more endomorphic somatotypes than male group. Significant differences were found for educational level between the mothers and fathers of the different schools. These results could be influencing the participants' levels of endomorphy, which were greater in those whose parents had a lower educational level.

Keywords : Somatotype; Auxology; Adolescence.

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