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Mundo agrario

versión On-line ISSN 1515-5994


ARCE, Alejandra de  y  PATINO ALCIVAR, Isabel. Gender and work on argentinian country: Discourses and social representations (1946-1962). Mundo agr. [online]. 2008, vol.9, n.17, pp.00-00. ISSN 1515-5994.

The importance of rural women labor had been understood in terms of familiar settling and increased productivity since the times of the Centenary and emphazised by the interventionist State since 1930. The Peronist State (1946-1955) interpellate women attaching them to home, to education of children and to domestic economy, deepening the old cultural rules. The Revolución Libertadora (1955-1958) provoked a rupture in the hegemony and promoted changes in the economic policy that favoured the agropecuarian elite and the modernization of productive system. The Development State (1958-1962) promoted the regional integration and technification of the country, generating at the same time, an openning to foreign capital. The dependency of the argentinian economy of its rural world supported, for this governments, the industrial development. This political and economic changes related to the farming allows to wonder about the space of the women of the rural world and their every-day life in this discourses. We pretend, then, to move along the different discoursives re-constructions of the women roles and work in the argentinian rural space. In this sense, this work tries to study which are the roles of the rural women that are (re)produced in magazines and textbooks since 1946 to 1962 as ligitimated in the social order of discourses.

Palabras clave : gender; rural home; work; social representation; discourses.

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