SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.21 número3Respuestas ecofisiológicas adaptativas y plásticas en ambientes secos de montaña: Nothofagus pumilio, el árbol que acaparó los Andes australesSer o no ser tolerante a la sombra: economía de agua y carbono en especies arbóreas del Bosque Atlántico (Misiones, Argentina) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados


Ecología austral

versión On-line ISSN 1667-782X


GYENGE, Javier E et al. Water use and productivity of native and planted forests in NW Patagonia: ecohydrological and ecophysiological approaches. Ecol. austral [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.3, pp.271-284. ISSN 1667-782X.

There is a concern about the potential excessive water used of forest plantations with fast growing exotic species compared to the native vegetation systems they replace in NW Patagonia. For this reason, several studies have being conducted focused on the productivity, water consumption and water use efficiency of the different systems, in areas with different precipitation levels. The studies were carried out from ecohydrological and ecophysiological approaches. The objective of this paper was to analyze and synthesize the available knowledge about these topics. Both at the individual tree level or at forest with complete cover systems, the exotic species (Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga menziesii) have a higher water consumption than all native individual tree-vegetation systems they replace (grassland- Austrocedrus chilensis forests, and mixed forests with Nothofagus antarctica, Lomatia hirsuta, and other native woody species, respectively). However, in all cases, an increase in water use efficiency was observed in exotic species compared to native species. Our results suggest that differences in productivity and water use are mainly due to a higher resistance to water flow, both in liquid (lower wood conductivity) and vapor (higher stomatal sensitivity to vapor pressure deficit) phases in native species compared to exotic ones. At least in the case of ponderosa pine, water use of plantations may be decreased managing leaf area of the system by means of green pruning and thinning. Moreover, in the native mixed forest water use and water use efficiency are able to be managed through selective extraction of individuals of certain species and sizes. On the other hand, the higher differences in water use between native and exotic systems were observed in the most xeric areas, between native grasslands and high density ponderosa pine plantations. On the other hand, rain interception was higher in native forests than in forests plantations in the xeric area, resulting in similar whole evapotranspiration of both systems, whereas it was slightly higher in the forests plantations than in native systems in the humid area. This highlight the importance of considering the spatial distribution, density and size of plantation patches in those situations in which water surplus has to be used for other purposes. In these situations, it is recommended to install low density plantations. In contrast, due to the high water surplus in the more humid areas (with aptitude for Douglas-fir plantations), the higher water consumption of this exotic species compared to the native systems, would not lead to a negative impact on water resources. Finally, we highlight that, due to the high water use efficiency of exotic species, the wood production costs in terms of water are much lower using these species than native ones.

Palabras clave : Resource use; Resource use efficiency; Forest plantations; Land use change; Hydraulic resistan.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons